How long does it take to make a pair shoes? The answer is… it depends. An efficient shoe factory sample room can make one pair of shoes in one day, it’s easy to cut, stitch, and last a pattern in just a few hours. However, if you don’t have the materials on hand, or need printed logos, welded details, or hardware it’s a totally different story.
For a new development sample that requires a new shoe pattern and outsole tooling, a shoe designer can expect the process to take 4 to 6 weeks. This will be to make a complete color/material correct shoe with molded outsole. Keep in mind, a fashion shoe that does not require and outsole, can be done much faster.
How long does it take a shoe factory to make a production order?
So, let’s talk about how long it takes a shoe factory to make a production order of 5000 pairs. Let’s assume the development process is complete, meaning the upper patterns for every shoe size are confirmed, the cutting dies have been checked, and the outsole tooling for every size is approved.
The answer depends on how busy the factory is, but basically you’re looking at about 60 days from when the order is placed to when the shoe can be packed for delivery. This can easily stretch out to 90 days if the factory is totally booked. 120 days is getting really late.
Why does it take so long?
The challenge of modern mass production shoemaking is really about organization and logistics. The process of putting a shoe together is not difficult, the process of getting all the shoe parts together at the same time, in the same room, ready for assembly, is the time-consuming challenge!
WIth a new shoe order in hand, the first thing the factory will do is to calculate the material required to produce the quantity. The factory will then order the material from the vendors and component subcontractors. Factories do not stock raw materials for shoes, they have to wait until they receive an order to buy the materials. The shoe material makes up about 50% of the final cost, so the factory will have to use a line of credit borrowed against the shoe order to buy the materials. Because of this, a shoe factory may demand a 50% payment up front when the order is placed. This process can take a week to complete.
The shoe material purchasing process can be complicated depending on the shoe material vendors as some may demand cash up front and some may have their own capacity issues. Negotiating the purchase terms with a new vendor can cause delays. Also, there can be material color or quality issues that may require the material to be remade…more lost time.
Some parts or materials take longer than others, whether it’s shoe laces, leather, or mesh rubber components all these materials have different lead times so while the factory may order all these components in one day, it may take three weeks for the mesh, or four weeks for the leather, while the outsoles may take two weeks for production.
Timing also depends on sub-component processing. In the case of outsoles or midsoles, the factory must consider the productivity of the molds. If you only have one size 9 EVA mold, and assuming it could take 20 minutes to make one piece from that mold, the factory may only be able to make 30 pieces in one day. In this situation you may need to buy more molds in order to make production faster for the popular sizes.
It may take 30 to 40 days for the materials to be collected at the shoe factory. Once the material arrives in the shoe factory it will have to be processed before stitching can begin. Some shoe material has to be cut, then sent out for logo embroidery, or the materials may need to be sent over to the shoe factory’s in-house welding or screen printing departments. This pre-processing of the materials takes time. The shoe factory cannot start stitching the shoes until all of the components are inside the factory. If the shoelaces are missing, or there’s no shoebox, or outsole, the factory cannot start the assembly process.
The outsole unit may have to be made in a separate factory. There may be one factory that presses the rubber, and another factory that presses the midsole. These two pieces will come together in the shoe factory stock fitting department. The stock fitting line will glue the parts together and maybe add a logo before the shoe sole is ready to meet with the upper on the assembly line.
One stitching line can stitch about 800 pieces in one day depending on the complexity of the stitching operations. One shoe assembly line can usually assemble 1200 to1500 pairs in one day. So, two shoe stitching lines are required to support one shoe assembly line and a five line factory can complete approximately 5000 to 8000 pairs per day.
Learn more about how shoes are made in the book
How Shoes are Made.
Learn more about making shoes:Do you want to learn how big brands make shoes? Now you can! How Shoes are Made will show you how modern shoes come to life! More than just a tour through a sneaker factory and more than your average shoe making book! From drawing shoe designs to sample development and footwear manufacturing, you will learn how it is all done. Written by veteran shoemaking pros, How Shoes are Made will give you a look inside the REAL world of shoe design, development, and mass production. 220 pages with over 400 color photos and drawings. 26 chapters explaining shoe design, footwear pattern making, sample development, footwear materials selection, upper stitching, outsole and tooling design, shoe lasts, shoe costing, quality inspections, starting you own shoe brand, and much more! A must read for young shoe designers, sneaker heads, or any footwear fanatic! Over 2500 copies sold! Read in 60 Countries! See Preview Video On YouTube
Print Edition Now Available!
Table of Contents:The Design Process, Shoe Development, Shoe Patterns, Shoe Specifications, Outsole Tooling, Development Process, Pre-Production, Material Preparation, Stitching Operations, Rubber Pressing, EVA Forming, The Assembly Line, The Shoe Last, Footwear Costing, Importing Shoes, Shoe Logo Design, Leather for Shoes, Textiles for Shoes ,Synthetics for Shoes, Foam for Shoes, Know Your Footbeds, Material Suppliers, Shoe Designers Tools, Jobs in the Shoe Trade ,Quality Control, Starting a Shoe Company, Life at a Shoe Factory, Shoe Making Dictionary
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A complete technical specification, drawings, blueprint, pattern and spec.
Computer cut shoe pattern for a classic jogger. Factory Blue Print included.
Entire pattern size run for the Arris classic trainer, Men’s US 7-13 (Euro 39-47)
24 inch tape specifically designed for measuring shoe lasts.
Ready to Print! Men's size 9 last. The .STL file can be scaled in X, Y and Z.
Great for checking leathers and synthetic materials. Features adjustable dial.